Gerakan Keluar India

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Gerakan Keluar India (Hindi: भारत छोड़ो आन्दोलन Bhārat Chhodho Āndolan), atau Gerakan Agustus India (August Kranti), adalah sebuah gerakan pembangkangan sipil yang diluncurkan di cabang Bombay dari Komite Kongres Seluruh India atau lebih sederhananya oleh Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (Mahatma Gandhi) pada 8 Agustus 1942, saat Perang Dunia II, menuntut pengakhiran Pemerintahan Inggris di India.[1] Misi Cripps gagal, dan pada 8 Agustus 1942, Gandhi membuat sebuah panggilan untuk Lakukan atau Mati dalam pidato Keluar India-nya yang diberikan di Gowalia Tank Maidan, Mumbai. Komite Kongres Seluruh India meluncurkan protes massal menuntut apa yang Gandhi sebut "Sebuah Perintah Agar Inggris Angkat Kaki" dari India.

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Rejected 'Quit India' resolution drafted by Mohandas K. Gandhi 27 April 1942 Diarsipkan 2015-05-14 di Wayback Machine.

Bacaan tambahan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Andersen, Walter K.; Damle, Shridhar D. (1987). The brotherhood in saffron: the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh and Hindu revivalism. Westview Press. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2023-08-01. Diakses tanggal 2016-07-01.
  • Akbar, M.J. Nehru: The Making of India (Viking, 1988), popular biography
  • Chakrabarty, Bidyut. "Political Mobilization in the Localities: The 1942 Quit India Movement in Midnapur," Modern Asian Studies (1992) 26#4 pp. 791–814 in JSTOR Diarsipkan 2023-02-10 di Wayback Machine.
  • Chakrabarty, Bidyut. "Defiance and Confrontation: The 1942 Quit India Movement in Midnapur," Social Scientist (1992) Vol. 20, No. 7/8 in JSTOR Diarsipkan 2023-02-11 di Wayback Machine.
  • Chopra, P. N."'Quit India' Movement of 1942," Journal of Indian History, (1971) Vol. 49 Issue 145/147, pp 1–56
  • Clymer, Kenton J. Quest for Freedom: The United States and India's Independence (Columbia University Press, 1995) online edition Diarsipkan 2005-01-03 di Wayback Machine.
  • Greenough, Paul R. "Political Mobilization and the Underground Literature of the Quit India Movement, 1942–44," Modern Asian Studies, (1983) 17#3 pp. 353–386 in JSTOR Diarsipkan 2023-02-10 di Wayback Machine.
  • Herman, Arthur (2008). Gandhi & Churchill: The Epic Rivalry That Destroyed an Empire and Forged Our Age. Random House Digital. ISBN 9780553804638. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2023-08-01. Diakses tanggal 2016-07-01.
  • Hutchins, Francis G. India's Revolution: Gandhi and the Quit India Movement (1973)
  • Panigrahi; D. N. India's Partition: The Story of Imperialism in Retreat (Routledge, 2004) online edition Diarsipkan 2023-08-01 di Wayback Machine.
  • Patil, V. I. Gandhiji, Nehruji and the Quit India Movement (1984)
  • Read, Anthony, and David Fisher; The Proudest Day: India's Long Road to Independence (W. W. Norton, 1999) online edition Diarsipkan 2008-06-27 di Wayback Machine.; detailed scholarly history
  • Venkataramani, M. S.; Shrivastava, B. K. Quit India: The American Response to the 1942 Struggle (1979)
  • Zaidi, A. Moin (1973). The way out to freedom: an inquiry into the Quit India Movement conducted by participants. Orientalia (India). hlm. 85.

Sumber primer[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Mansergh, Nicholas, and E. W. R. Lumby, eds. India: The Transfer of Power 1942-7. Vol. II. 'Quit India' 30 April-21 September 1942 (London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 1971), 1044pp
    • Muni, S. D. "The Quit India Movement: A Review Article," International Studies, (Jan 1977,) 16#1 pp 157–168,
  • Pran Nath Chopra; Shri Ram Bakshi (1986). Quit India Movement: British secret documents, Vol. 1. Interprint. hlm. 17. ISBN 81-85017-32-8.

Templat:Gandhi